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GHANA FAILED TO KEEP DATA ON DISABILITY

Ghana has not been able to collect and keep accurate data and statistics on person with disabilities despite the importance of data in the 21st century.

Collecting appropriate data and keeping statistics is very necessary for designing and evaluating policies and program outcome. It is a tool for monitoring and justifying actions and interventions. Today as we talk, data and statistics is very critical to realizing the sustainable development goals (SDGs) which is a global agenda to breaching the gap of inequality.

To the SDGs, data and statistics is very key in assessing the progress each country is making towards meeting the various targets.

To ensure that persons with disabilities are effectively included in data and statistics, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in article 31 enjoins states parties including Ghana to collect appropriate information, including statistical and research data on persons with disabilities to enable them to formulate and implement policies to give effect to the present Convention.

Ghana signed onto the convention in 2007 and ratified it in 2012. Ghana having become a state party to the convention is expected to have taken appropriate steps to collect and keep accurate data and statistics on disability and persons with disabilities.

Having signed on the convention in 2007, one would have expected Ghana to take into account persons with disabilities in the 2010 population and housing census and produce accurate data but the census rather gave an estimate 737,743 as persons with severe disabilities.

This figure having excluded other forms of disabilities cannot be relied on for planning and designing inclusive policies programs.

To collect and keep accurate data that would effectively include persons with disabilities, Ghana has to take into consideration the Washington Group Set of Short Questions in designing tools for data collection.

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